Basically you need to create a CSV with the partition information and run a python script to build the binary partition:

python3 partitions.csv binary_partitions.bin

This is the :

#!/usr/bin/env python
# ESP32 partition table generation tool
# Converts partition tables to/from CSV and binary formats.
# See
# for explanation of partition table structure and uses.
# SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2016-2021 Espressif Systems (Shanghai) CO LTD
# SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0

from __future__ import division, print_function, unicode_literals

import argparse
import binascii
import errno
import hashlib
import os
import re
import struct
import sys

MAX_PARTITION_LENGTH = 0xC00   # 3K for partition data (96 entries) leaves 1K in a 4K sector for signature
MD5_PARTITION_BEGIN = b'\xEB\xEB' + b'\xFF' * 14  # The first 2 bytes are like magic numbers for MD5 sum
PARTITION_TABLE_SIZE  = 0x1000  # Size of partition table


__version__ = '1.2'

APP_TYPE = 0x00
DATA_TYPE = 0x01

    'app': APP_TYPE,
    'data': DATA_TYPE,

def get_ptype_as_int(ptype):
    """ Convert a string which might be numeric or the name of a partition type to an integer """
        return TYPES[ptype]
    except KeyError:
            return int(ptype, 0)
        except TypeError:
            return ptype

# Keep this map in sync with esp_partition_subtype_t enum in esp_partition.h
    APP_TYPE: {
        'factory': 0x00,
        'test': 0x20,
    DATA_TYPE: {
        'ota': 0x00,
        'phy': 0x01,
        'nvs': 0x02,
        'coredump': 0x03,
        'nvs_keys': 0x04,
        'efuse': 0x05,
        'undefined': 0x06,
        'esphttpd': 0x80,
        'fat': 0x81,
        'spiffs': 0x82,

def get_subtype_as_int(ptype, subtype):
    """ Convert a string which might be numeric or the name of a partition subtype to an integer """
        return SUBTYPES[get_ptype_as_int(ptype)][subtype]
    except KeyError:
            return int(subtype, 0)
        except TypeError:
            return subtype

    APP_TYPE: 0x10000,
    DATA_TYPE: 0x1000,

def get_alignment_for_type(ptype):
    return ALIGNMENT.get(ptype, ALIGNMENT[DATA_TYPE])

def get_partition_type(ptype):
    if ptype == 'app':
        return APP_TYPE
    if ptype == 'data':
        return DATA_TYPE
    raise InputError('Invalid partition type')

def add_extra_subtypes(csv):
    for line_no in csv:
            fields = [line.strip() for line in line_no.split(',')]
            for subtype, subtype_values in SUBTYPES.items():
                if (int(fields[2], 16) in subtype_values.values() and subtype == get_partition_type(fields[0])):
                    raise ValueError('Found duplicate value in partition subtype')
            SUBTYPES[TYPES[fields[0]]][fields[1]] = int(fields[2], 16)
        except InputError as err:
            raise InputError('Error parsing custom subtypes: %s' % err)

quiet = False
md5sum = True
secure = False
offset_part_table = 0

def status(msg):
    """ Print status message to stderr """
    if not quiet:

def critical(msg):
    """ Print critical message to stderr """

class PartitionTable(list):
    def __init__(self):
        super(PartitionTable, self).__init__(self)

    def from_file(cls, f):
        data =
        data_is_binary = data[0:2] == PartitionDefinition.MAGIC_BYTES
        if data_is_binary:
            status('Parsing binary partition input...')
            return cls.from_binary(data), True

        data = data.decode()
        status('Parsing CSV input...')
        return cls.from_csv(data), False

    def from_csv(cls, csv_contents):
        res = PartitionTable()
        lines = csv_contents.splitlines()

        def expand_vars(f):
            f = os.path.expandvars(f)
            m = re.match(r'(?<!\\)\$([A-Za-z_][A-Za-z0-9_]*)', f)
            if m:
                raise InputError("unknown variable '%s'" %
            return f

        for line_no in range(len(lines)):
            line = expand_vars(lines[line_no]).strip()
            if line.startswith('#') or len(line) == 0:
                res.append(PartitionDefinition.from_csv(line, line_no + 1))
            except InputError as err:
                raise InputError('Error at line %d: %s\nPlease check file in build/config directory' % (line_no + 1, err))
            except Exception:
                critical('Unexpected error parsing CSV line %d: %s' % (line_no + 1, line))

        # fix up missing offsets & negative sizes
        last_end = offset_part_table + PARTITION_TABLE_SIZE  # first offset after partition table
        for e in res:
            if e.offset is not None and e.offset < last_end:
                if e == res[0]:
                    raise InputError('CSV Error at line %d: Partitions overlap. Partition sets offset 0x%x. '
                                     'But partition table occupies the whole sector 0x%x. '
                                     'Use a free offset 0x%x or higher.'
                                     % (e.line_no, e.offset, offset_part_table, last_end))
                    raise InputError('CSV Error at line %d: Partitions overlap. Partition sets offset 0x%x. Previous partition ends 0x%x'
                                     % (e.line_no, e.offset, last_end))
            if e.offset is None:
                pad_to = get_alignment_for_type(e.type)
                if last_end % pad_to != 0:
                    last_end += pad_to - (last_end % pad_to)
                e.offset = last_end
            if e.size < 0:
                e.size = -e.size - e.offset
            last_end = e.offset + e.size

        return res

    def __getitem__(self, item):
        """ Allow partition table access via name as well as by
        numeric index. """
        if isinstance(item, str):
            for x in self:
                if == item:
                    return x
            raise ValueError("No partition entry named '%s'" % item)
            return super(PartitionTable, self).__getitem__(item)

    def find_by_type(self, ptype, subtype):
        """ Return a partition by type & subtype, returns
        None if not found """
        # convert ptype & subtypes names (if supplied this way) to integer values
        ptype = get_ptype_as_int(ptype)
        subtype = get_subtype_as_int(ptype, subtype)

        for p in self:
            if p.type == ptype and p.subtype == subtype:
                yield p

    def find_by_name(self, name):
        for p in self:
            if == name:
                return p
        return None

    def verify(self):
        # verify each partition individually
        for p in self:

        # check on duplicate name
        names = [ for p in self]
        duplicates = set(n for n in names if names.count(n) > 1)

        # print sorted duplicate partitions by name
        if len(duplicates) != 0:
            critical('A list of partitions that have the same name:')
            for p in sorted(self, key=lambda
                if len(duplicates.intersection([])) != 0:
                    critical('%s' % (p.to_csv()))
            raise InputError('Partition names must be unique')

        # check for overlaps
        last = None
        for p in sorted(self, key=lambda x:x.offset):
            if p.offset < offset_part_table + PARTITION_TABLE_SIZE:
                raise InputError('Partition offset 0x%x is below 0x%x' % (p.offset, offset_part_table + PARTITION_TABLE_SIZE))
            if last is not None and p.offset < last.offset + last.size:
                raise InputError('Partition at 0x%x overlaps 0x%x-0x%x' % (p.offset, last.offset, last.offset + last.size - 1))
            last = p

        # check that otadata should be unique
        otadata_duplicates = [p for p in self if p.type == TYPES['data'] and p.subtype == SUBTYPES[DATA_TYPE]['ota']]
        if len(otadata_duplicates) > 1:
            for p in otadata_duplicates:
                critical('%s' % (p.to_csv()))
            raise InputError('Found multiple otadata partitions. Only one partition can be defined with type="data"(1) and subtype="ota"(0).')

        if len(otadata_duplicates) == 1 and otadata_duplicates[0].size != 0x2000:
            p = otadata_duplicates[0]
            critical('%s' % (p.to_csv()))
            raise InputError('otadata partition must have size = 0x2000')

    def flash_size(self):
        """ Return the size that partitions will occupy in flash
            (ie the offset the last partition ends at)
            last = sorted(self, reverse=True)[0]
        except IndexError:
            return 0  # empty table!
        return last.offset + last.size

    def verify_size_fits(self, flash_size_bytes: int) -> None:
        """ Check that partition table fits into the given flash size.
            Raises InputError otherwise.
        table_size = self.flash_size()
        if flash_size_bytes < table_size:
            mb = 1024 * 1024
            raise InputError('Partitions tables occupies %.1fMB of flash (%d bytes) which does not fit in configured '
                             "flash size %dMB. Change the flash size in menuconfig under the 'Serial Flasher Config' menu." %
                             (table_size / mb, table_size, flash_size_bytes / mb))

    def from_binary(cls, b):
        md5 = hashlib.md5()
        result = cls()
        for o in range(0,len(b),32):
            data = b[o:o + 32]
            if len(data) != 32:
                raise InputError('Partition table length must be a multiple of 32 bytes')
            if data == b'\xFF' * 32:
                return result  # got end marker
            if md5sum and data[:2] == MD5_PARTITION_BEGIN[:2]:  # check only the magic number part
                if data[16:] == md5.digest():
                    continue  # the next iteration will check for the end marker
                    raise InputError("MD5 checksums don't match! (computed: 0x%s, parsed: 0x%s)" % (md5.hexdigest(), binascii.hexlify(data[16:])))
        raise InputError('Partition table is missing an end-of-table marker')

    def to_binary(self):
        result = b''.join(e.to_binary() for e in self)
        if md5sum:
            result += MD5_PARTITION_BEGIN + hashlib.md5(result).digest()
        if len(result) >= MAX_PARTITION_LENGTH:
            raise InputError('Binary partition table length (%d) longer than max' % len(result))
        result += b'\xFF' * (MAX_PARTITION_LENGTH - len(result))  # pad the sector, for signing
        return result

    def to_csv(self, simple_formatting=False):
        rows = ['# ESP-IDF Partition Table',
                '# Name, Type, SubType, Offset, Size, Flags']
        rows += [x.to_csv(simple_formatting) for x in self]
        return '\n'.join(rows) + '\n'

class PartitionDefinition(object):
    MAGIC_BYTES = b'\xAA\x50'

    # dictionary maps flag name (as used in CSV flags list, property name)
    # to bit set in flags words in binary format
    FLAGS = {
        'encrypted': 0

    # add subtypes for the 16 OTA slot values ("ota_XX, etc.")
    for ota_slot in range(NUM_PARTITION_SUBTYPE_APP_OTA):
        SUBTYPES[TYPES['app']]['ota_%d' % ota_slot] = MIN_PARTITION_SUBTYPE_APP_OTA + ota_slot

    def __init__(self): = ''
        self.type = None
        self.subtype = None
        self.offset = None
        self.size = None
        self.encrypted = False

    def from_csv(cls, line, line_no):
        """ Parse a line from the CSV """
        line_w_defaults = line + ',,,,'  # lazy way to support default fields
        fields = [f.strip() for f in line_w_defaults.split(',')]

        res = PartitionDefinition()
        res.line_no = line_no = fields[0]
        res.type = res.parse_type(fields[1])
        res.subtype = res.parse_subtype(fields[2])
        res.offset = res.parse_address(fields[3])
        res.size = res.parse_address(fields[4])
        if res.size is None:
            raise InputError("Size field can't be empty")

        flags = fields[5].split(':')
        for flag in flags:
            if flag in cls.FLAGS:
                setattr(res, flag, True)
            elif len(flag) > 0:
                raise InputError("CSV flag column contains unknown flag '%s'" % (flag))

        return res

    def __eq__(self, other):
        return == and self.type == other.type \
            and self.subtype == other.subtype and self.offset == other.offset \
            and self.size == other.size

    def __repr__(self):
        def maybe_hex(x):
            return '0x%x' % x if x is not None else 'None'
        return "PartitionDefinition('%s', 0x%x, 0x%x, %s, %s)" % (, self.type, self.subtype or 0,
                                                                  maybe_hex(self.offset), maybe_hex(self.size))

    def __str__(self):
        return "Part '%s' %d/%d @ 0x%x size 0x%x" % (, self.type, self.subtype, self.offset or -1, self.size or -1)

    def __cmp__(self, other):
        return self.offset - other.offset

    def __lt__(self, other):
        return self.offset < other.offset

    def __gt__(self, other):
        return self.offset > other.offset

    def __le__(self, other):
        return self.offset <= other.offset

    def __ge__(self, other):
        return self.offset >= other.offset

    def parse_type(self, strval):
        if strval == '':
            raise InputError("Field 'type' can't be left empty.")
        return parse_int(strval, TYPES)

    def parse_subtype(self, strval):
        if strval == '':
            if self.type == TYPES['app']:
                raise InputError('App partition cannot have an empty subtype')
            return SUBTYPES[DATA_TYPE]['undefined']
        return parse_int(strval, SUBTYPES.get(self.type, {}))

    def parse_address(self, strval):
        if strval == '':
            return None  # PartitionTable will fill in default
        return parse_int(strval)

    def verify(self):
        if self.type is None:
            raise ValidationError(self, 'Type field is not set')
        if self.subtype is None:
            raise ValidationError(self, 'Subtype field is not set')
        if self.offset is None:
            raise ValidationError(self, 'Offset field is not set')
        align = get_alignment_for_type(self.type)
        if self.offset % align:
            raise ValidationError(self, 'Offset 0x%x is not aligned to 0x%x' % (self.offset, align))
        if self.size % align and secure and self.type == APP_TYPE:
            raise ValidationError(self, 'Size 0x%x is not aligned to 0x%x' % (self.size, align))
        if self.size is None:
            raise ValidationError(self, 'Size field is not set')

        if in TYPES and TYPES.get(, '') != self.type:
            critical("WARNING: Partition has name '%s' which is a partition type, but does not match this partition's "
                     'type (0x%x). Mistake in partition table?' % (, self.type))
        all_subtype_names = []
        for names in (t.keys() for t in SUBTYPES.values()):
            all_subtype_names += names
        if in all_subtype_names and SUBTYPES.get(self.type, {}).get(, '') != self.subtype:
            critical("WARNING: Partition has name '%s' which is a partition subtype, but this partition has "
                     'non-matching type 0x%x and subtype 0x%x. Mistake in partition table?' % (, self.type, self.subtype))

    STRUCT_FORMAT = b'<2sBBLL16sL'

    def from_binary(cls, b):
        if len(b) != 32:
            raise InputError('Partition definition length must be exactly 32 bytes. Got %d bytes.' % len(b))
        res = cls()
        (magic, res.type, res.subtype, res.offset,
         res.size,, flags) = struct.unpack(cls.STRUCT_FORMAT, b)
        if b'\x00' in  # strip null byte padding from name string
   =['\x00')] =
        if magic != cls.MAGIC_BYTES:
            raise InputError('Invalid magic bytes (%r) for partition definition' % magic)
        for flag,bit in cls.FLAGS.items():
            if flags & (1 << bit):
                setattr(res, flag, True)
                flags &= ~(1 << bit)
        if flags != 0:
            critical('WARNING: Partition definition had unknown flag(s) 0x%08x. Newer binary format?' % flags)
        return res

    def get_flags_list(self):
        return [flag for flag in self.FLAGS.keys() if getattr(self, flag)]

    def to_binary(self):
        flags = sum((1 << self.FLAGS[flag]) for flag in self.get_flags_list())
        return struct.pack(self.STRUCT_FORMAT,
                           self.type, self.subtype,
                           self.offset, self.size,

    def to_csv(self, simple_formatting=False):
        def addr_format(a, include_sizes):
            if not simple_formatting and include_sizes:
                for (val, suffix) in [(0x100000, 'M'), (0x400, 'K')]:
                    if a % val == 0:
                        return '%d%s' % (a // val, suffix)
            return '0x%x' % a

        def lookup_keyword(t, keywords):
            for k,v in keywords.items():
                if simple_formatting is False and t == v:
                    return k
            return '%d' % t

        def generate_text_flags():
            """ colon-delimited list of flags """
            return ':'.join(self.get_flags_list())

        return ','.join([,
                         lookup_keyword(self.type, TYPES),
                         lookup_keyword(self.subtype, SUBTYPES.get(self.type, {})),
                         addr_format(self.offset, False),
                         addr_format(self.size, True),

def parse_int(v, keywords={}):
    """Generic parser for integer fields - int(x,0) with provision for
    k/m/K/M suffixes and 'keyword' value lookup.
        for letter, multiplier in [('k', 1024), ('m', 1024 * 1024)]:
            if v.lower().endswith(letter):
                return parse_int(v[:-1], keywords) * multiplier
        return int(v, 0)
    except ValueError:
        if len(keywords) == 0:
            raise InputError('Invalid field value %s' % v)
            return keywords[v.lower()]
        except KeyError:
            raise InputError("Value '%s' is not valid. Known keywords: %s" % (v, ', '.join(keywords)))

def main():
    global quiet
    global md5sum
    global offset_part_table
    global secure
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='ESP32 partition table utility')

    parser.add_argument('--flash-size', help='Optional flash size limit, checks partition table fits in flash',
                        nargs='?', choices=['1MB', '2MB', '4MB', '8MB', '16MB', '32MB', '64MB', '128MB'])
    parser.add_argument('--disable-md5sum', help='Disable md5 checksum for the partition table', default=False, action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument('--no-verify', help="Don't verify partition table fields", action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument('--verify', '-v', help='Verify partition table fields (deprecated, this behaviour is '
                                               'enabled by default and this flag does nothing.', action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument('--quiet', '-q', help="Don't print non-critical status messages to stderr", action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument('--offset', '-o', help='Set offset partition table', default='0x8000')
    parser.add_argument('--secure', help='Require app partitions to be suitable for secure boot', action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument('--extra-partition-subtypes', help='Extra partition subtype entries', nargs='*')
    parser.add_argument('input', help='Path to CSV or binary file to parse.', type=argparse.FileType('rb'))
    parser.add_argument('output', help='Path to output converted binary or CSV file. Will use stdout if omitted.',
                        nargs='?', default='-')

    args = parser.parse_args()

    quiet = args.quiet
    md5sum = not args.disable_md5sum
    secure =
    offset_part_table = int(args.offset, 0)
    if args.extra_partition_subtypes:

    table, input_is_binary = PartitionTable.from_file(args.input)

    if not args.no_verify:
        status('Verifying table...')

    if args.flash_size:
        size_mb = int(args.flash_size.replace('MB', ''))
        table.verify_size_fits(size_mb * 1024 * 1024)

    # Make sure that the output directory is created
    output_dir = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(args.output))

    if not os.path.exists(output_dir):
        except OSError as exc:
            if exc.errno != errno.EEXIST:

    if input_is_binary:
        output = table.to_csv()
        with sys.stdout if args.output == '-' else open(args.output, 'w') as f:
        output = table.to_binary()
            stdout_binary = sys.stdout.buffer  # Python 3
        except AttributeError:
            stdout_binary = sys.stdout
        with stdout_binary if args.output == '-' else open(args.output, 'wb') as f:

class InputError(RuntimeError):
    def __init__(self, e):
        super(InputError, self).__init__(e)

class ValidationError(InputError):
    def __init__(self, partition, message):
        super(ValidationError, self).__init__(
            'Partition %s invalid: %s' % (, message))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    except InputError as e:
        print(e, file=sys.stderr)

This is the partitions.csv

# ESP-IDF Partition Table
# Name,   Type, SubType, Offset,   Size, Flags
nvs,      data, nvs,     0x9000,   0x6000,
phy_init, data, phy,     0xf000,   0x1000,
factory,  app,  factory, 0x10000,  0x170000,
storage,  data, nvs,     0x180000, 0x10000,
wifidata, data, nvs,     0x190000, 0x260000